China's auto industry to move steadily in the process of tra
摘要：Thanks to reform, innovation, transformation and upgrading, Chinas economy has maintained a medium-high growth rate in the past five years despite the downward pressure from the three phases. Although the 13th five-year plan faces severe ch...
Thanks to reform, innovation, transformation and upgrading, China's economy has maintained a medium-high growth rate in the past five years despite the downward pressure from the "three phases". Although the 13th five-year plan faces severe challenges of overlapping contradictions and increasing risks and hidden dangers, China is still in an important strategic period of great potential.
As a bright color of the national economy, the automobile industry is in urgent need of in-depth promotion of transformation, upgrading and structural adjustment in terms of the substantial achievements of the "twelfth five-year plan", so as to expand the future market growth space, eliminate the negative impact of the automobile society, realize the transformation of independent brands, and fulfill the dream of becoming a powerful automobile country.
■With structural adjustment to promote innovation transformation
In 2015, China's automobile production and sales exceeded 24.5 million units, making it the world's largest automobile production and sales country for seven consecutive years. But simple scale and volume growth are no longer the main goals of the car industry. To promote industrial upgrading and realize the service-oriented transformation of manufacturing industry has become the hot topic of the industry consensus and the recent two sessions of the National People's Congress.
In the past five years, the automotive industry has taken new energy vehicle technology, "Internet +", automobile aftermarket and internationalization as the breakthrough points, reconstructed and upgraded the industrial value chain and business chain, and greatly improved the production efficiency. Relying on the transformation and upgrading, the auto industry is making progress in independent development, and the competitiveness of independent brands has been improved significantly. Some "zombie" automobile enterprises withdraw from the market, accelerating the elimination of backward production capacity; With the implementation of the "One Belt And One Road" strategy, Chinese automobile enterprises have laid out the overseas market in an all-round way and accelerated their investment and construction in foreign countries.
And waiting for the relay of the "thirteenth five-year" can not stop the pace of transformation and upgrading. Under the new normal, the era of rapid growth of China's automobile industry has passed, and the competition in quality and technology is increasingly fierce. However, the product competitiveness and technological innovation ability of China's independent enterprises, especially the independent parts and components enterprises, are still weak. Moreover, the increasing pressure of transportation and environment also requires the automobile industry to continuously deepen the structural adjustment and transform from the pursuit of scale to the pursuit of efficiency. Shift from incremental expansion to inventory adjustment.
At the same time, the supply-side structural reform emphasized by the government and the "made in China 2025" strategy provide policy and strategic guidance for the upgrading and development of the automobile industry, that is, focus on the supply side and create new economic growth points while accelerating the elimination of backward production capacity. Including the implement of intelligent manufacturing, energy saving and new energy vehicles, the upgrade and development of new technology, new formats are derived from the cross-border integration, the development of independent brands, and automobile exports by traded to localization further transformation and so on, will be "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" problems to be solved in the course of industry transformation, also will be hot spots of the two sessions this year.
■Crucial for Marty natalegawa industry reform
In order to realize the transformation and upgrading of China's automobile industry, we must rely on reform to remove institutional obstacles and activate market potential.
During the 12th five-year plan period, the reform of China's administrative examination and approval system has achieved initial results. Various government departments have sorted out some non-administrative licensing matters and gradually liberalized the access of automobile production. The legalized management of the automobile industry has been promoted step by step, and the system of three guarantees for automobiles, automobile recall and automobile maintenance information disclosure has been continuously improved, standardizing the order of the automobile market. The reform of state-owned enterprises has made great strides. Dongfeng, gac, jianghuai and other state-owned automobile enterprises are all active practitioners of the mixed-ownership reform.
But the fragmented, 'multiple management' system remains a problem, and revolutionary changes in the auto industry are adding urgency. The industrial differentiation, the rapid development of new energy vehicles and the intervention of Internet enterprises all require the adaptive and even expected reform and adjustment of the management system to promote the sustainable and healthy development of the industry.
Therefore, in the context of the supply side reform in the 13th five-year plan, the government needs to further streamline administration and delegate power, implement the negative list system, and create a fair market environment to fully unleash the innovation and entrepreneurship of the whole society. This is still one of the main themes of the future development of the automobile industry. As the insiders have called for, the auto industry needs to continue to optimize the management system of auto enterprises and product access, improve the laws and regulations guided by the rule of law, break the local protection, and establish a unified national market environment.
■Energy conservation and environmental protection low carbon into main melody
After China's entry into the automobile society, the automobile industry, which is closely related to people's livelihood, lays more emphasis on green development. Under the pressure of smog, vehicle emissions, traffic congestion, license plate restrictions and parking management have become the focus of concern of the deputies and members of the two sessions.
Over the past five years, tighter fuel consumption and regulations have forced the industry to upgrade. In the field of traditional automobiles, new technologies such as automobile lightweight and small-displacement automobiles should be developed in response to low carbon demand. What needs to be mentioned in particular is that under the strong support of the government, the automobile industry has set off a wave of new energy vehicle development. Bearing the heavy responsibility of energy conservation, environmental protection and independent innovation, the development of new energy vehicles has exceeded its own significance, and the technology, sales volume and charging infrastructure construction have all made great strides forward. At the same time, provinces and cities also accelerate the yellow label car elimination work, automobile enterprises also began to pay attention to the ecological design of automobile products.
In the new era, energy, environment, transportation and other constraints will be further tightened, the automobile industry needs to further develop green manufacturing, production of energy-saving and new energy vehicle products, which is the general trend of energy conservation and environmental protection, but also the inevitable choice of industrial transformation and upgrading. And the new energy vehicle promotion policies, technical routes, charging pile construction, industrialization and how to change to market leading issues such as refinement, or will be informed in this year's two sessions more trend.
In addition, based on the governance of traffic congestion, the topics such as car restrictions, parking management and even taxi reform may once again appear on the discussion table of the two sessions, which are also important issues affecting the development of the automobile industry in the future or to be addressed by the automobile industry.
In a word, in the face of opportunities and challenges under the new normal, during the 13th five-year plan period, the automobile industry should follow the requirements of supply-side reform and made in China 2025 strategy, continue the brilliance of the 12th five-year plan and step forward to become a powerful automobile country.